The United States said today it has paid the United Nations US$180 million (NZ$282 million) toward its annual dues and expects to make another payment of US$96 million (NZ$150 million) within the next few weeks, which should help ease the UN's worst cash crisis in nearly a decade.
US deputy ambassador Cherith Norman Chalet, who is in charge of management and reform issues, made the announcement Friday to the General Assembly's budget and finance committee.
She said the United States anticipates making "further contributions in November as well."
Last week, Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said the UN was facing a major cash crisis because 64 of its 193 member nations hadn't paid their annual dues — Including the United States, its largest contributor.
The UN chief said the world organisation risked depleting its liquidity reserves by the end of October and defaulting on payments to staff and vendors.
He ordered cost-saving measures which took effect Monday including cancelling meetings, limiting official travel, stopping escalators, reducing heating and air conditioning, and limiting interpretation into the UN's six official languages.
UN management chief Catherine Pollard told the General Assembly's budget committee last Friday that 128 countries had paid US$1.99 billion in dues for the UN's 2019 operating budget by October 4. But she said US$1.386 billion was owed for this year by 65 countries — including more than US$1 billion by the United States.
A key problem, she said, is that "the cash deficits occur earlier in the year, linger longer and run deeper."
Pollard said the payments received by October 4 represented only 70 percent of the total amount assessed, compared to 78 per cent at the same time last year, "resulting in a gap of $230 million."
To fully implement the UN budget, she said, the UN would need to collect at least $808 million between October and December.
According to figures Pollard presented, the United States owes US$1.055 billion to the UN's regular budget — US$674 million for 2019 and US$381 million for previous budgets — compared with US$842 million at the same time last year.
The US also owes US$3.7 billion to the separate budget for the UN's 14 far-flung peacekeeping operations.
Ambassador Chalet told the budget committee that because of differences in the US and UN budget years, the United States has made its regular budget payments after October 1 for more than 35 years.
"Members should not be misled by some who would want to distort facts," she stressed.
Chalet said the US has also paid over NZ$600 million to the peacekeeping budget since the beginning of the year.
"The United States continues to be the largest contributor to the United Nations with nearly US$10 billion in assessed and voluntary contributions annually, system-wide," Chalet said.
UN deputy spokesman Farhan Haq refused Thursday to confirm the US payment but said there had been "a number of partial payments."
"Our expectation is we will be able now to meet our payroll for the month of November — and we'll see where we go from there," he said.