The coronavirus-related travel ban preventing Chinese visitors and students from entering Australia due to end this weekend has been extended for a further week.
"We did not take this decision lightly," Prime Minister Scott Morrison told reporters in Canberra today after a national security committee meeting.
"We are very mindful of the disruption and economic impacts of these arrangements, but I note Australia is one of 58 countries that has introduced some form of travel restrictions."
Chief Medical Officer Brendan Murphy said the key concern was the spread of the virus, officially known as COVID-19, across China.
There are now more than 60,000 confirmed cases of the virus, most of them in the province of Hubei where it was first detected, and 1357 people have died.
More than 240 deaths were reported on Wednesday alone, the highest number of fatalities since the virus was first reported in December.
"There has been significant growth in Hubei," Dr Murphy said.
"In other provinces of China there has been slow growth .... but still growth.
"That is of concern because there are still evidence of community transmission in other provinces and that is the reason we would like to maintain the travel ban at the moment."
Of the 15 cases in Australia, six have been cleared and the remaining nine are all stable.
No quarantined Australians at Christmas Island and Darwin have tested positive to the virus, with the first group of evacuees due to return home on Monday.
Dr Murphy said those who had self-isolated had "behaved impeccably", greatly helping authorities' efforts to keep people safe.
Mr Morrison said the government was working closely with schools, universities and the tourism sector.
"We are taking a cautious approach ... this is why we are on a weekly rotation in the review of this," he said.
"We are looking at all options that are available to us to mitigate the impact where possible."
Universities Australia chief Catriona Jackson said universities will quickly contact their Chinese students to ensure they understand how the extension of travel restrictions affect them and to provide support.
"We know the decision to extend these restrictions will be difficult for many students during what is already a very stressful time," she said.
"To all those whose plans have been affected, I assure you we are doing everything possible to minimise disruption to your studies, and to protect the health and welfare of every student."
Most Australian universities start their academic year in late February or early March.