Lamb's out of reach for many Kiwis so why not eat the tongue, gut and throat gland?

It's a Kiwi favourite, but the price of lamb puts it out of the reach of many these days.

So, Seven Sharp asked, on 'National Lamb Day' are we just looking at lamb all wrong? 

Tongue, guts and throat are the less popular cuts of lamb but it's time to look at using the whole animal - as was done for centuries.

Reporter Rachel Parkin went down country to investigate.


It's a Kiwi favourite, but with the price of lamb out of the reach of many, it's time we looked at using the whole animal. Source: Seven Sharp



Cockroaches, no toilets and murder – Greenpeace alleges horrifying conditions on overseas tuna fishing vessels

A two-year global Greenpeace investigation led by a Kiwi has uncovered rampant abuse of human rights, trafficking, slavery and murder on tuna fishing vessels around the world.

Lead investigator Tim McKinnel, who was responsible for securing the freedom of wrongfully convicted and sentenced Teina Pora, said of all the disgusting things he's seen, nothing compares to the scale of misery he witnessed on these vessels.

It left him chilled.

"The living conditions these, mostly men live on, are outrageous," he told 1 NEWS.

"They're often cockroach-ridden, there are no toilets, the crew aren't able to shower, they're sleeping on top of each other and often these vessels haven't been serviced or maintained for years, if not decades, so if you throw that in with the oceans and fish and everything that goes with that… it's pretty filthy," he said.

Mr McKinnel said Greenpeace teams from New Zealand and East Asia witnessed modern-day slavery in the form of cases of abuse, rape, starvation and death on board high-sea vessels in West Africa, the Indian Ocean and the Pacific.

One of the report's investigations includes evidence of abuse in the lead up to the death of an Indonesian fisherman, who died four months after starting work on a Taiwanese vessel, Greenpeace stated in a press release. Data shows the ship continued operating for days after he died.

CAPTAIN MURDERED 

The report also includes interviews with six convicted crew members about the murder of a captain of a Vanuatu-flagged, Taiwanese-owned vessel in 2016, the press release stated.

Investigators heard how for months before the murder, crew were frequently forced to work 20 hour days for seven days a week, faced physical and verbal abuse, along with a lack of food and sleep, discrimination and feared for their lives.

Mr McKinnel says a 2015 yellow-card warning from the European Union to Taiwan for not cooperating to combat illegal practices, as well as the United States' Trafficking in Persons report of Taiwan as a Tier One country has not led to meaningful action from Taiwan.

The two-year investigation found human trafficking and even murder is occurring on the high seas. Source: 1 NEWS

"We would argue that what we’ve seen over the last few years in terms of the conditions and the trafficking that exists in that industry that Taiwan should be downgraded to Tier Two at least," Mr McKinnel said.

"We're hopeful that our report will lead to some positive change, whether that is people being convicted or whether that is legislative change in Taiwan or New Zealand for example.

New Zealand can't trust that they’re not eating slave-tainted tuna

The report says the key markets for tuna from Taiwan is Europe, the United States of America, the United Kingdom, Japan, Korea, Thailand and New Zealand.

Mr McKinnel says reviewing the supply chains show it is "almost certain" that New Zealanders are consuming slave-tainted tuna in sushi shops, restaurants, at home and purchasing it for pets.

"There are real issues in the seafood supply chains, particularly when we’re sourcing seafood from international companies," he said.

MORE TRANPARENCY URGED

Greenpeace is calling for more transparency from the industry and action from the Government.

"There was previously a Bill in 2015 that set about attempting to prohibit slave-tainted products coming into New Zealand, that was opposed by the National government."

He said the current Government should look closely in this area and reintroduce the Bill into law.

"They've previously sponsored that Bill, they could do it now," he said.

Workplace Relations and Safety Minister Ian Lees-Galloway said he recently made a commitment for Government, businesses and workers to work together on combatting modern slavery and human trafficking with practical steps at a forum hosted by Icebreaker’s Rob Fyfe.

He said business have the power to influence change "within supply chains, to drive up standards, and remove the profitability of trafficking and modern slavery."

"This year the Government will launch an updated National Plan of Action to combat human trafficking, forced labour and slavery," he said in a statement.

"The main thing for the New Zealand public is to remain vigilant and aware of these insidious practices. Part of that is supporting the charities that help expose human trafficking and support victims, and another way is to vote with your wallet," he said.

WORKER WELFARE

A Sealord spokesperson said the welfare of workers is a top priority for the company and that it has full confidence its supply chain for tuna involves registered and legal vessels.

"We have 100 per cent observer status on the vessels that we would source tuna from and those observers would be observing that," the spokesperson said.

Seafood New Zealand has condemned the inhumane actions in the report, with chief executive Tim Pankhurst saying in a statement the reports of slave ships are "shocking".

"The New Zealand seafood industry encourages all possible means being employed to eradicate unsafe and exploitative fisheries practises in international waters," he said.

The industry group is also calling for consumer vigilance when it comes to the origin of tuna, as well as any other fish being purchased.

"It is very important to be aware that this is not behaviour that is happening in the New Zealand fleet, nor in New Zealand waters," Mr Pankhurst said.

A statement from Seafood New Zealand said 97 per cent of the country's commercial catch is internationally and independently certified by the Marine Stewardship Council.

Legislation introduced in 2016 means no foreign vessel can fish in New Zealand waters unless it is operating under the New Zealand flag.

Around 10 foreign owned vessels are currently fishing in the country’s waters.

Lead investigator Tim McKinnel says the two-year investigation uncovered human trafficking, slavery and abuse on board tuna fishing vessels Source: 1 NEWS

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Panel recommends nurses get immediate three per cent pay rise and one-off $2,000 sum

An independent panel assisting with pay negotiations between the nurses' union and district health boards has recommended an immediate three per cent pay rise and a one-off $2,000 payment to employees.

Nurses rejected a two per cent rise in March, claiming they're undervalued, underpaid and overworked.

The panel has also suggested a further three per cent payrise in August, and again in August next year to cover the cost of living.

The union says the recommendations don't go far enough in addressing pay concerns.

"Nurses want to see parity with secondary school teachers, and this offer doesn't enable that until quite late in the piece," says union spokesperson Cee Payne.

The panel's suggestions include an additional two per cent of funding to ensure DHBs have the nursing and midwifery workforce capacity to deliver the required patient services.

This is a recommendation that the New Zealand Nurses Organisation is happy with. 

"This is a significant recommendation and not seen previously for nursing and midwifery," says Payne.

"The difficulty for nurses will be while there's a promise of more nurses to support the current workloads and address the crisis, if we don't do something about the pay immediately, then we're not going to be able to bring nurses across from other countries and retain our own nurses."

NZNO says it has provided district health boards with its response to the recommendations released today.

DHBs will now review recommendations before making an updated offer on Monday.

NZNO has also been taking a secret ballot for further strike action, which closes tomorrow, with the result of that also expected to be announced on Monday. 

Union spokesperson Cee Payne says something needs to be done about nurses pay immediately to attract and retain them. Source: 1 NEWS