Kiwi men who've survived sexual abuse photographed as part of international art project

The Bristlecone project has profiled survivors in 11 countries. Source: 1 NEWS



TB in New Zealand 'is a disease of Māori and migrants'

Māori are eight times more likely to get tuberculosis than Pākehā.

New Zealand has low overall rates of tuberculosis, however Māori make up about 45 percent of the roughly 60 locally born cases each year.

Last year, it killed one person and a further 167 ended up in hospital.

TB has no symptoms and is not contagious, but between 5 to 10 percent of people who have it will develop the disease.

International expert Philip Hill said that up to half of older Māori could carry the dormant TB infection without knowing it.

"Māori people, the more I speak to, very often will say my grandfather, my father or my uncle died of TB.

"If you are exposed to a TB case, there is a good chance that you will become infected.

"Most of the time you won't get sick from that. Only about 5-10 percent develop the disease, but that can occur over any time from then for the rest of your life."

The problem is that no one knows how many people carry the dormant infection.

TB can cause fevers, night sweats and weight loss. It is a bacterial infection that often attacks the lungs and causes patients to cough up blood.

It is treated with a six month course of antibiotics, but the dormant infection is much easier to treat.

Professor Hill is assessing the feasibility of a nationwide study to identify Māori with a dormant TB infection.

"My gut feeling is that we will probably find an increasing amount of latent TB infection with increasing age.

"I would expect that between 10 and 50 percent of older Māori above the age of 50 may well be infected - but that is a wide range estimate."

The Waikato District Health Board sees two to four patients with TB every month.

"It is not common but it is not rare," said Dr Nina Scott, the clinical director of Māori health.

"The disparities in TB are huge. This is not a disease of white people, it is a disease of colonisation. It is a disease of Māori and migrants."

In the 1800s New Zealand was advertised as a place to come and recover from TB, she said.

"A lot of the reasons why [Māori] were dying out was because of TB. We had no resistance to it and people were coming from all over the world bringing their TB.

"We need to find out what the underlying rate of latent TB is in the Māori population. We don't even know the basics, that's why we are doing this research."

New Zealand has a low overall rate of the disease - about 300 cases a year - with more than three quarters of them from overseas.

But Māori make up almost half of the 60 locally born patients. Last year, three young children got TB, and they were all Māori.

ESR's Jill Sherwood said we do well to identify active TB and to treat it, but our numbers have not come down in the past decade.

"People should be concerned and understand that there is a lot of TB infection around the world.

"We need to make some decisions about how much resource we have to address that issue to prevent new cases of TB disease."

ESR is releasing its latest TB report today.

Leigh-Marama McLachlan

rnz.co.nz

tuberculosis
File picture Source: Supplied

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TOP STORIES

Major exhibition showcasing 500 years of Pacific art set to open in London

An exhibition showcasing 500 years of Pacific art is about to open to great fanfare in London.

It's one of the largest ever displays in the UK, with pieces by some of our best known Māori and Pasifika artists.

The work of Su'a Sulu'ape Paulo the Second has fascinated Kiwi photographer Mark Adams for four decades.

And now two of his prints capturing the Samoan tattoo process known as tatau are part of the major exhibition at the prestigious Royal Academy of Art in London.

"The tatau itself on the body is magnificent and powerful thing and very beautiful," Mr Adams told 1 NEWS in London. 

Mark Adams' work depicts the controversial globalisation of the Samoan tradition.

He's one of 10 contemporary Kiwi artists to feature in the Oceanic art show. 

So too are the Mata Aho Collective. They've spent the past week installing their piece Kiko Moana which they created last year.

"From conception to exhibition it took four of us working for nine months. It's a huge piece made out of layers and layers of blue tarp that we've stitched together," said Sarah Hudson of the Mata Aho Collective.

Bridget Reweti of the collective said: "Just as 250 years ago our people were making these amazing, unique works about their current day issues, we're doing the same thing, and making these works about our waterways."

Dozens of pieces have been carefully packaged, like a piano from Te Papa, and sent across the globe.

But some cultural treasures haven't travelled far, coming instead from European museums where they've been hidden away for generations.

"It's an incredible feeling to see these works and be in their presence. Some of them we've only read about and lots of them live overseas, so we've had a few tears," Ms Rewiti said. 

And there's sure to be plenty more when the exhibition opens to the public on Saturday.

In her first solo engagement, the Duchess of Sussex will tomorrow open the exhibition, giving it an extra publicity boost and providing Meghan Markle with a taste of what she might encounter in her upcoming trip Down Under.

It’s one of the largest ever displays in the UK. Source: 1 NEWS

TODAY'S
FEATURED STORIES

Freezing winds and snow expected to hit parts of New Zealand this week

MetService is warning that freezing gale force winds over the next few days could be hazardous to stock.

Meteorologist Georgina Griffiths says the cold air is just starting to hit the lower South Island now, with snow and heavy rain expected.

Ms Griffiths said the worst weather would arrive late tomorrow, with the cold wind causing the biggest problems.

"Really, it's the end of Tuesday and into early Wednesday that we'll see progressively colder air come up and over New Zealand, and we're expecting that snow level to really lower over the lower south.

"From a stock point of view and a driving point of view, pretty hazardous from tonight and especially Tuesday night going into Wednesday, in the far south of the country."

Ms Griffiths said that the air temperature may be at four or five degrees in Invercargill, but the wind chill will bring it down to near zero.

She said the North Island will also feel the effects, with a snow warning for the Desert Road on Tuesday and strong winds expected in Auckland.

rnz.co.nz

1 NEWS weatherman Dan Corbett has the latest as Spring takes a chilly turn. Source: 1 NEWS


Mandarin Chinese lessons in hot demand by young Kiwis

It is Chinese Language Week and younger people around New Zealand are taking up Mandarin in record numbers.

It follows a nationwide trend of primary and secondary students learning the language, which reached record levels last year.

There are now 65,000 Year 1 to 8 students learning Mandarin around the country - a three-fold increase in the last five years.

But community classes for the public, particularly in the Bay of Plenty, are growing too.

Waitsu Wu has been teaching Mandarin Chinese in Rotorua for the last seven years.

She started off as a private tutor before gradually expanding to public classes.

The demand to learn the language had grown rapidly, said Ms Wu.

"[There's] a demand at the moment."

Ms Wu has about 25 students but she has dozens more contacting her, interested in taking lessons.

She is looking for more teachers to help teach in Rotorua as she also expands her classes to Tauranga next year.

One of her students is Pauline Smith, a teacher who has been learning Mandarin for the past 10 years.

The Chinese population had grown during her 40 years living in Rotorua, she said.

"At first the students I was teaching were...saying, 'Why should we learn Chinese?'

"But over the years I've found that attitude has gradually changed and because there are far more Chinese people living in Rotorua now than there was ten years ago."

Ms Smith said she found the language and the culture fascinating after going to China.

"I enjoyed the bartering in the markets...I enjoyed being able to greet people and just the whole Chinese culture, I just really loved it."

Ms Smith said despite the difficulty of learning the language she would stick with it.

Phil Town, 22, is only six months into his Mandarin journey.

Going to classes is important, he said.

"It's all well and good learning all these words at home but you've got to come into a setting like this [classes] where you can actually speak and perfect your dialogue," said Mr Town.

The Confucius Institute at Victoria University said it had noticed a surge of interest in Mandarin classes.

Its Mandarin Language Assistant programme sends teachers from China to help primary and secondary schools and colleges with their classes.

Institute director Rebecca Needham said a lot of the students in small towns such as Tokoroa and Kawerau were also Te Reo Māori speakers.

"To add another language is not, as perhaps, such as huge step forward that it might be for people with a much more...monolingual mind-set," she said.

And although the Confucius Institute mainly focused on teaching Mandarin Chinese to school students, Ms Needham said next year it would be looking to provide more community classes.

- written by Radio New Zealand's Jessie Chiang

File picture. Source: 1 NEWS